One in 6 men in the U.S. will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during their lifetime, according to the American Cancer Society (ACS). After skin cancer, it is the most common type of cancer found in American men.
While prostate cancer screenings were always thought to be the most effective prevention method, a new study by the Washington University School of Medicine found that men who underwent yearly screenings for prostate cancer had the same chance of dying from prostate cancer than men who were tested less often.
With the importance and efficacy of prostate cancer screenings being hotly debated amongst the medical community — The American Urological Association recommends that all men age 40 or older undergo screenings, while the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force issued draft recommendations in December saying the available data are unclear to support regular screening men under 75 — there are a number of small lifestyle changes you can make to reduce your risk of being diagnosed.
Unsurprisingly, the easiest way prevent prostate cancer is simply by maintaining a healthy lifestyle, most importantly through your diet. The ACS suggests eating less red meat and fat, and more fruits, vegetables and whole grains (cholesterol is a key nutrient for cancer cells, so it’s important to keep your levels of it under control with the right nutrition).
Eating five fruits or vegetables a day will not only lower your risk of prostate cancer, but will also ward off many other deadly diseases.
Tomatoes, grapefruits and watermelons are especially helpful in cutting your risk of prostate cancer because they contain lycopenes, which have been proven to help prevent the damage to DNA that causes cancer. Some studies also suggest that the isoflavones in soy, kidney beans and peanuts are linked to a reduced risk of prostate cancer.
Just like the prevention of almost any other disease, regular exercise is also key. The Mayo Clinic recommends 30 minutes most days of the week.